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Relationship between Intellectuals and Political Authority Constructed by the Magazine of Aurore University: The Image of Medieval French Poet François Villon as a Point of Departure

Yang Zhen

In the 1920s, almost every Chinese critic who mentioned François Villon highlighted the individuality of the poet. However, an article comparing François and Li Bai published in the Magazine of Aurore University underlines the obdience of the French poet towards powerful political men. Our research points out that this image reflects the very different ideology of the Magazine of Aurore University from the the pursuit of democracy and liberty, which marked the ideology of the generation of May 4th 1919. The Magazine of Aurore University appeared after 1920 tends to advocate exclusively the respect towards the unique heavenly principle, or in other words, the way carved out by emperors in ancient times. Articles published in French in the Magazine, such as comparison between Chinese and French literature, translation in French of Wang Yangming’s and Zeng Guofan’s letters, letters sent by students to university presidents, reflect all the mentionned ideology of the Magazine. The idolization of ancient emperors makes students to tend to heroize all famous political men, which explains the construction of the image of François Villon as a servant of political men. The archives of Aurore University conserved in Jesuits Archives of Paris show that the ideal relationship between intellectuals and political men constructed by the Magazine of Aurore University can be considered as a kind of metaphor for one of the rules conceived by the University, which tell students to stay away from political revolution or any kind of revolt, to respect traditional moral and established authorities.