red banner
Russian Avant-Garde Poetry

Rong Jie

In the early 20th century, Russian avant-garde literature emerged “at the right moment” when Russia was under a unique historical background. Challenging rationality, order and etc., Mayakovsky and other critical Russian Futurist poets advocated that “Pushkin, Dostoevsky and Tolstoy should be heaved overboard from the steamship of modernity” and wrote “ladder poems” to break the routine of poetic composition in the aspect of thinking and composing. A major characteristic of Russian Avant-garde poetry is that theory and practice are merged in just one aesthetic space, the same as poetry and painting are, as is shown in “painting in poetry and poetry in painting”. Some viewpoints based on Russian Avant-garde poetry laid the theoretical foundation for the subsequent Russian Formalism.