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Avant-Gardism is a Neo-Formalism:An Analysis of G. Apollinaire’s Poetry

Chen Yuan

With a meticulous examination of poetical language and form innovations, and of the abolition of frontier between art and poetry inApollinaire'sAlcoolsand Calligrammes etc., this article suggests that the archetypal motif of the poet is to redefine the classic formalism of “Art for Art’s Sake”, and finally to create an anti-formalism or new one, which is exactly the major characteristic of avant-garde poetry of 20th century,and the beginning of a modern tendency that leads the poetry to a form without form and a sign without sense, and the reason whyhis poems are full of strange words, expressions,images and discontinuous sentences.