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Double-Mechanism of Metaphor-Metonymy: From a Semiotic Perspective

Peng Jia, Tang Li

According to Roman Jacobson, the metaphor-metonymy structure, developing from Saussure’s syntagmatic / paradigmatic paradigm, reveals the mechanism of semiotic signification. However, Umberto Eco questions Jacobson’s paradigm and takes metonymy as the deep structure underling the semantics of metaphor which produces the new meaning via its spatial continuity and referential function. It is metonymy that drives the meaning-generation of metaphor.