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Shanghai Jewish Refugees’ Theater and Cultural Identity Construction

Gao Xiaoqian

In the 1930s and 1940s, a lot of European Jews fled to Shanghai to avoid the persecution of the German Nazis. Under the hard living-conditions, they never gave up their spiritual pursuits and led a diversified cultural life. Theater play, one of the most important cultural activities, not only presents the spiritual world of Shanghai Jewish refugees, but also functions as an effective way of constructing collective and individual identities. This article makes a survey on Shanghai Jewish refugees’ efforts in identity reconstruction and the aroused ideological conflicts among them in the field of Theater by focusing on theater organization, theater performance and theater composition.