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约卡伊·莫尔《下个世纪的小说》中的亚洲与西方乌托邦

Péter Hajdu 著, 李珍玲 译

• 发布日期:2023-01-10
• 作者简介:Péter Hajdu,文学博士,深圳大学外国语学院特聘教授。研究方向:比较文学、文学理论和古典语言学。电子邮箱:pethajdu@gmail.com。本文为广东省哲学社会科学规划2022年度项目外语学科专项“19世纪匈牙利民族文学在近现代中国的接受研究”(项目编号:GD22WZX01-04)的阶段性成果。译者简介: 李珍玲,文学博士,深圳大学外国语学院副研究员。研究方向:比较文学、英美文学、流散文学和瘟疫文学。电子邮箱:lizhenling@szu.edu.cn。
• 基金资助:
广东省哲学社会科学规划2022年度项目外语学科专项“19世纪匈牙利民族文学在近现代中国的接受研究”(项目编号:GD22WZX01-04)的阶段性成果。

• Published:2023-01-10

Abstract: The paper analyzes The Novel of the Next Century by Mór Jókai, a major Hungarian novelist in the 19th century, from the viewpoint of the local cultural aspects of the complex utopian discourse. The whole novel describes a future struggle which results in perfect and globally united society. Two different small-scale utopias are embedded in the novelistic narrative. The European utopia Otthon shows traits of a national capitalist dream. The Central Asian utopia Kin-Tseu is first presented from the perspective of Chinese historical sources in a form similar to a colonialist pornotopia. Then an omniscient narrator proves that the Chinese image of Kin-Tseu is false, and presents as it “really” is. This latter utopia solicits an ecocritical reading, since its basic problem, i.e., the sustainability of a growing population in closed environment, is crucial for current ecocriticism. The experimentation with various (including western and eastern) utopian traditions makes Jókai's novel a unique read. For the sake of East-West comparison, the paper takes into consideration Jókai's other utopias, as well as the sources of his knowledge of Chinese culture.